Birds tend to hide signs of illness as a survival mechanism in the wild. Unfortunately, this behavior works against our companion birds since it delays a caretaker’s ability to detect if something is wrong. As a result, they tend to be in a worse condition by the time medical care is sought out and, in some cases, surgical intervention may be the best treatment option. However, birds have highly specialized anatomies that are very different from mammals and can vary greatly between bird species. Therefore, specialized knowledge is required to take on these challenging cases, which takes years of training to master.